 # 33. Search in Rotated Sorted Array

Updated: 2023-09-01

LeetCode problem

There is an integer array nums sorted in ascending order (with distinct values).

Prior to being passed to your function, nums is possibly rotated at an unknown pivot index k (1 <= k < nums.length) such that the resulting array is [nums[k], nums[k+1], ..., nums[n-1], nums, nums, ..., nums[k-1]] (0-indexed). For example, [0,1,2,4,5,6,7] might be rotated at pivot index 3 and become [4,5,6,7,0,1,2].

Given the array nums after the possible rotation and an integer target, return the index of target if it is in nums, or -1 if it is not in nums.

You must write an algorithm with O(log n) runtime complexity.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [4,5,6,7,0,1,2], target = 0 Output: 4

Example 2:

Input: nums = [4,5,6,7,0,1,2], target = 3 Output: -1

Example 3:

Input: nums = , target = 0 Output: -1

## Code

Idea:

Values in the right part of the array are always lower than in the left part.

1. Use binary search
2. Define where to move (left or right)
class Solution:
def search(self, nums: List[int], target: int) -> int:
left = 0
right = len(nums) - 1

while left <= right:
mid = (left + right) // 2
if nums[mid] == target:
return mid

if nums[left] <= nums[mid]:
if nums[left] <= target < nums[mid]:
right = mid - 1
else:
left = mid + 1
else:
if nums[mid] < target <= nums[right]:
left = mid + 1
else:
right = mid - 1

return -1