# RSI - Relative Strength Index

Updated: 2024-03-12

The Relative Strength Index (RSI) is a momentum oscillator that measures the speed and change of price movements. Developed by J. Welles Wilder, the RSI is a very popular indicator that is used primarily to identify overbought and oversold conditions in a market.

## Calculating

The RSI is calculated using the following steps:

1. Calculate the average gain and the average loss over the specified period (usually 14 periods).
2. Compute the relative strength (RS) which is the ratio of average gain to average loss.
3. The RSI is then calculated using the formula: RSI = 100 - (100 / (1 + RS))

### Formula

RSI = 100 - (100 / (1 + RS))

Where:

• RS: (Relative Strength) = Average Gain / Average Loss

## Pros and Cons

Pros:

• RSI is a versatile indicator that can be used in trending or ranging markets.
• It helps identify potential reversals, overbought/oversold conditions, and divergence.

Cons:

• During strong trends, the RSI may remain overbought or oversold for extended periods.
• False signals can occur, especially during choppy market conditions.

## Example of signals

MinuteOpenHighLowClose
1$10.0$11.0$9.5$10.0
2$10.1$12.1$10.0$12.0
3$12.2$15.2$12.0$15.0
4$15.1$15.1$13.9$14.0
5$14.1$16.1$14.0$16.0
6$16.1$16.1$14.9$15.0
7$15.1$17.1$15.0$17.0
8$17.1$17.1$15.9$16.0
9$16.1$18.1$16.0$18.0
10$18.1$18.1$16.9$17.0
11$17.1$19.1$17.0$19.0
12$19.1$19.1$17.9$18.0
13$18.1$20.1$18.0$20.0
14$20.1$21.1$20.0$21.0
15$21.1$21.1$19.9$20.0
16$20.1$22.1$20.0$21.0
17$21.1$23.1$21.0$22.0
18$22.1$24.1$22.0$23.0
19$23.1$25.1$23.0$24.0
20$24.1$26.1$24.0$25.0
21$25.1$27.1$25.0$26.0

For the following examples, let’s assume the RSI settings are set to the standard 14 periods.

True Positive:

In the 6th minute, the price drops from $16 to$15. The RSI dips below the 30 level, indicating an oversold condition. In the next minute, the price increases to $17, marking a successful buy signal. False Positive: In the 21th minute, the price jumps from$25 to \$26. The RSI exceeds 70, implying an overbought condition. However, the price continues to increase in the next minutes, rendering this a false sell signal.