How to Download and Install Linux RHEL 9 for Free

Updated: 2024-02-24
4 min read
[linux rhel]

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 (RHEL 9), codenamed Plow, has gone public (GA). Red Hat announced it on May 18, 2022. It replaced the beta version, which had been in existence since November 3, 2021.

RHEL 9 is the first few releases in the Red Hat family. It is the first major release since IBM acquired Red Hat in July 2019, and the first major release since abandoning the CentOS project in favor of CentOS Stream, which is now RHEL’s predecessor.

RHEL 9 is the latest major version of RHEL and comes with a 5.14 kernel, lots of new software packages and a host of improvements. It emphasizes security, stability, flexibility and reliability.

Description

RHEL 9 ships with new versions of software including Python 3.9. Node.JS 16, GCC 11, Perl 5.32, Ruby 3.0, PHP 8.0, and many more.

Preparing for installation

Registration on the Red Hat portal

Red Hat Developer Subscription is a free Red Hat Developer Program offer designed for individual developers who want to take full advantage of Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

It gives developers access to all versions of Red Hat Enterprise Linux, as well as other Red Hat products such as add-ons, software updates and security bugs.

First of all, make sure you have an active Red Hat account. If you don’t already have an account, go to the Red Hat Customer Portal, click on “Register” and fill out your information to create a Red Hat account.

Downloading the installation image

After creating a Red Hat account, you can start downloading RHEL 9. To download Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 absolutely free, go to Red Hat Developer Portal and log in with your account credentials.

Then go to the download RHEL 9 page and click on the download button shown below.

I’m using a MacBook M1, so I download the RHEL 9 image for the M1 processor aarch64

Virtual machine

I use the free UTM virtual machine as a virtual machine to install RHEL 9. You can install using Homebrew by running the command brew install --cask utm.

Installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9

Setting up the UTM virtual machine

In UTM click Create a New Virtual Machine -> Virtualize

Choose the downloaded RHEL 9 image and click Continue.

Main Setup Menu

The marked fields need to be filled in

Create Root Password

User Creation. Create the user you want to log in with.

Connect to Red Hat. Here we will use the account created above.

Here you will enter your account data and click Register.

Press Done

Under Installation Destination choose your default drive.

We can now continue with the installation. A Begin installation button will appear on the main screen

After installation is complete, we will have to reboot the system.

Sometimes rebooting will unload the installation image again. It’s necessary to either disable the disk in the installer setup or reboot the UTM.

Running Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9

Enter your password and see the RHEL 9 desktop

To access the applications, click the Activities button in the upper left corner

Configuring Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9

Checking the ROOT user

In a Linux system users belong to different groups which have certain rights. If during the installation process we did not check the checkbox to make the user an administrator, by default he will not be able to install some system programs.

Exit and log in as root (the same user we created earlier on the main screen). Press Log out

Now log in as root. The user may not be listed. Press Not listed and enter the account data.

Open terminal and check

Configuring system settings

Button to minimize the application

The first thing that seems unusual about using the GUI is that there are no buttons to minimize windows

Install the necessary package

yum install gnome-tweaks -y

After installation, the Tweaks application will appear. Find it by searching.

There are many other tweaks in the app as well. We will show you the minimize buttons for the applications.

Let’s go to Windows titlebars and set the Maximize, Minimize options

User access to install applications

To avoid constantly switching to a root user to install applications, we can give the normal user access to install applications. We will continue to do this as root. Open /etc/sudoers and add the user

sudo vi /etc/sudoers

Add user data to the end of the file. My user name: rhel-user

rhel-user ALL= NOPASSWD: /usr/sbin/synaptic, /usr/bin/software-center, /usr/bin/apt-get, /usr/bin/dnf

Let’s install Visual Studio Code as a normal user Installation consists of the following steps:

  1. adding the desired repository. Rights to add the repository (changing the files in the directory is still only for root user)
  2. Downloading and installing.

First step is done as root user Go to https://code.visualstudio.com/docs/setup/linux

Copy the code and run it in the terminal

sudo rpm --import https://packages.microsoft.com/keys/microsoft.asc
sudo sh -c 'echo -e "[code]\nname=Visual Studio Code\nbaseurl=https://packages.microsoft.com/yumrepos/vscode\nenabled=1\ngpgcheck=1\ngpgkey=https://packages.microsoft.com/keys/microsoft.asc" > /etc/yum.repos.d/vscode.repo'
  • Switch to user rhel-user. This can also be done in the terminal.
  • Updating the repositories
  • Install VSCode
su rhel-user
dnf check-update

sudo dnf install code

References